A 45 year history
The Earth Trust has a history of nearly 45 years. We were set up as the Northmoor Trust for Countryside Conservation in 1967, with a generous endowment from our Patrons, Sir Martin and Audrey Wood. The choice of name came from Northmoor Road in Oxford, where Sir Martin and Audrey lived, and where JRR Tolkein also lived for much of his life.
Our first land acquisition was Little Wittenham Wood in 1982. We opened access to the site and started managing the area for wildlife. The wood was designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and then a Special Area of Conservation in 2001, making it one of the most important sites in Europe.
Over the next decade we acquired the Wittenham Clumps and surrounding farmland. The Clumps is the most visited, freely accessible area of public open space in Oxfordshire and commands some of the most stunning panoramic views in southern England.
Developing our education, research and farming programmes
During the late 1980s and early 1990s we built up our education, research and farming programmes, playing a pioneering role in developing agri-environment schemes. A key moment was acquiring College Farm in 1993. We planted 55ha of broadleaved forestry research trials, Paradise Wood, where we investigate the best quality timber, resilience to climate change and a range of sylvicultural techniques.
We moved to our timber framed, environmentally friendly office in 2006. It was built using an army of highly skilled craftsmen from all over the world who came together and volunteered their time, training others in the process. A year later we opened a visitor centre, with the Poem Tree Cafe, Fison Barn and Timescape exhibition.
We have always looked beyond the land we own at Little Wittenham. In 2000 we took on the management of three community meadows: Wallingford Castle Meadows and Riverside Meadows in Wallingford, and Mowbray Fields in Didcot. We started managing Thrupp Lake at Radley in 2009. This beautiful wetland site is one of the county’s top bird sites and was protected through an agreement with RWE npower (who own the site) and the local community.
1,200 acres including woodland, nature reserve, research plantation and wetland
In 2010 we made a most exciting acquisition – 500 acres of beautiful farmland adjacent to Little Wittenham Wood. The Earth Trust is now the proud owner of two and a half kilometres of Thames frontage – a wonderful privilege and an amazing opportunity. Our land at Little Wittenham now extends to 1,200 acres and includes woodland, research plantation, wildlife meadows, wetland and mixed farmland.
We are now a team of 30 people, 100 regular volunteers and 750 regular supporters. Around 30,000 people each year take part on one of our activities. Because we have changed so much, we felt our name no longer reflected who we are and what we do...
The Earth Trust
Our new name, Earth Trust, came into effect on 11th March 2011 - find out more: